Policy and Impact

Smart Disaster Governance in the Nepal earthquake relief operation

The Smart Disaster Governance team presents a white paper about the Nepal Earthquake relief operation. The white paper can be downloaded here.

On Saturday the 25th of April 2015, Nepal was hit by a massive earthquake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale. This event was followed a mere 17 days later by another major earthquake, which came in as 7.3 on the scale. The white paper is based on field research in Kathmandu, Nuwakot and Rasuwa, four weeks after the second earthquake struck. It is part of the research embedded in the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) funded project Enhancing Smart Disaster Governance, conducted by VU University Amsterdam in close collaboration with, among others, Cordaid and Oxfam-Novib


Net-centric Crisis Management

The research project ‘Net-centric Operations In Development’ is commissioned by the National Project Net-centric Operations. The specific aim of the research project is to investigate what influence the culture of the police, fire department and medical services has on their information sharing practices during emergency operations. The research data is gathered through interviews and observations during exercises and events. To show how the research contributes to the development of net-centric operations in the Dutch safety regions, different maturity levels are defined.

At the first level of Net-centric Operations attention is given to developing an up-to-date common operation picture. The step towards the next level is accomplished by developing an improved understanding of each others work practices. To reach this maturity level several boundaries have to be bridged, like understanding the effects of making sense of information from one’s own expertise, the assessment of the consequences of information for other teams, and the development of scenario-based thinking during decision-making. Learning to switch between one own expertise and thinking about the consequences of information sharing for others is a complex step. This research project supports that step by studying how differences in sensemaking develop and what consequences these have for the way in which net-centric operations is practiced.

This research contributes to:

  1. The implementation of Net-centric Operations in the Dutch safety regions.
  2. The development of scenario’s used during education and exercises.
  3. Improving the work practice of information sharing inside the safety region.
  4. Providing tools to improve multidisciplinary collaboration is safety regions.

The report (in Dutch) can be downloaded here.